5 gallons at 1049, 43 IBU

4 pounds Maris Otter pale ale malt

2 pounds pilsner malt

2/3 pound malted wheat

1/2 pound piloncillo, demerara or similar unrefined sugar, added to kettle

Mashing is a simple infusion mash: 90 minutes at 146 degrees F, a little on the low side to maximize fermentability; mash out at 175 degrees F, then sparge. Boil is an hour, with three hop additions.

20 grams (2/3 ounce) Challenger hops, 7 percent AA, 1 hour

20 grams (2/3 ounce) Challenger hops, 7 percent AA, 30 minutes

15 grams (1/2 ounce) Challenger hops, 7 percent AA, last 5 minutes

15 grams (1/2 ounce) Saaz or Ultra hops, 3 percent AA, last 5 minutes

Summer Ale, What-if Version, c. 1830

5 gallons at 1065, 53 IBU

6 pounds Maris Otter pale ale malt

2 pounds pilsner malt

1 pound malted wheat

1 pound piloncillo, demerara or similar unrefined sugar, added to kettle

Mashing is a simple infusion mash: 60 minutes at 150 degrees F, mash out at 175 degrees F, then sparge. Boil is an hour, with two hop additions:

75 grams (2 1/2 ounce) Fuggles or Styrian Goldings hops, 5 percent AA, 1 hour

60 grams (2 ounces) East Kent Goldings hops, 5 percent AA, last 5 minutes of boil

1/4 ounce coriander, last 5 minutes of boil

1/4 ounce candied ginger, last 5 minutes of boil

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